AnimalAfrican lions
Scientific NamePanthera leo
Lifespan10 – 14 years
SizeMale head & body: 1.7 – 2.5 m,
Female head & body: 1.4 – 1.8 m
Weight120.2 – 190.5 kg
Conservation statusLeast concern > Near threatened >
Vulnerable > Endangered >
Critically endangered > Extinct in the wild >

Lion groups are called prides. They consist of 3 – 40 lions. The females lions raise young and hunt. The males defend the territory. Females in the pride are usually all related. Most of the females all give birth at the same time. Usually, the pride has only two adult males.

Generally, female lions stay in the pride for their whole life, while male lions only stay in for approximately 2 – 4 years. After that, they sometimes leave by themselves but there are also times where other males kick them out in order to take over the pride. When another male takes over, they usually kill all cubs in order to make sure that cubs in the future will have his genes.

When male lions roar it is usually after sunset. The sound of the roar can travel eight kilometers and it warns off invaders and gathers together wandering individuals from the pride.

Female tigers hunt in the night in groups of two to three. Using teamwork, they spy on and surround the prey. Then they kill it. These big cats often end up failing 70% of the time.

Video of a lion.

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